Topic: Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood USA 2021
Are you planning to bank your newborn’s umbilical cord blood in the USA? This article will help those expecting parents save the newborn’s umbilical cord blood in the bank.
After you have made the decision of what names you will give your newborn baby, you need to decide on whether you should save the blood of its umbilical cord. You need to make a decision wisely as there is a very small time window for successfully storing the newborn’s umbilical cord blood and cord tissue.
With all the information it would be overwhelming for new parents, from understanding exactly the process and significance of storing umbilical cord blood and finding the best blood bank, especially if they are not familiar with the terms and technology.
Through this article, we will give you brief information about newborn umbilical cord blood storage in the USA and what factors should be considered while choosing an appropriate blood bank.
What is newborn umbilical cord blood banking?
The umbilical cord is the one that connects the baby and the mother in the womb, earlier these cords were cut thrown away after the baby’s birth but now these are stored by many parents for securing the future health of the baby.
Umbilical cord blood banking means the process of collecting and storing the life-saving stem immature cells from the umbilical cord and mother’s placenta for future emergency usage, these stem cells are undeveloped cells that can take up the form of other cells.
How do you get the cord blood?
If you take the decision of storing the newborn umbilical cord blood and inform the doctor in the USA, the doctors clamp the cord from 10 inches apart and cut the umbilical cord to separate the baby from the mother and with the help of a needle they collect about 40 ml of blood from the cord. This is a regular universally followed process of cutting the umbilical cord and is painless for both mother and baby.
The collected blood is sealed in a bag or tubes and sent to the cord blood bank for testing and storing. The mother’s blood is also taken, in such cases, the kits from the banks have instructions for the procedure.
Why does it need to be stored?
The umbilical cord is filled with undeveloped stem cells which can be used for producing new cells in the future for treating cancer, immune systems, and blood diseases such as anaemia which disturbs the body’s ability to boost the immune system.
The process of collecting the cells from the umbilical cord is easy and painful less than collecting them from the bone marrow and these cells have 10 times more stem cells from it. These stem cells from the cord blood rarely have any infectious diseases and are very less rejected as compared to stem cells from adults.
Where is the newborn umbilical cord blood stored?
For storing the newborn umbilical cord blood there are blood banks that test these cells and store them for future use, these are-
Private cord banks – These banks store the donated blood for the future use of the donor or the family members only. They take processing fees and annual storage fees from the donor, these can be expensive.
Private cord banks can be considered if you have a family history of any genetic diseases, so in these cases, private cord banking can be useful in getting immediate supply not only for the donor child but for any close family members when needed.
Public cord banks – These banks do not charge anything for storage, but these banks can use the donations for anyone who needs it. These banks can also use the donated blood for research.
By storing in public banks you lose the rights of your newborn’s umbilical cord blood, they have strict requirements and standards to discard the public donated cord blood. Approximately about 25 to 40 percent of the blood is stored and there is less guarantee of your child’s cord blood being used.
Newborn Umbilical cord blood storage and processing of tissue offered by the bank in USA 2021
Many people are now choosing to preserve the cord tissue along with the cord blood, instead of discarding it. There are two types of methods that are currently used by cord banks for processing and storage-
Segmented Storage – The umbilical cord collected at the time of birth is washed at the lab and then entirely cryopreserved. Some of the banks divide the fully collected cord into smaller segments and store it differently. The whole process is done for preserving the cells and can be retrieved from the cord tissue in the future, hence is it important that the MSCs(Mesenchymal Stem cells) do not get isolated from the rest of the cord tissue.
Cell Culture Processing – In this process, the MSCs are extracted from the cord tissue through cell isolation and expansion and cryopreserved. This process produces a higher cell count and continued cell growth and also makes the cell clinically ready to use.
Though isolating the MSCs makes the cell more viable, productive, and clinically ready the technology and skill involved make this process more expensive and are very rarely offered by the private cord blood banks.
Placenta Stem cell banking – Other than blood/cord tissue banking placenta stem cell and tissue is also considered to be a significant source of banking cord blood cells. These stem cells are been used for researching their effectiveness on genetic diseases or heart disorders.
Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood USA 2021 Conclusion
After reading this information on Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood USA 2021 it is completely your decision to choose whether to preserve newborn umbilical cord blood and which method makes the best choice for you as per your needs. Give yourself plenty of time to research more about the process and procedure and discuss with your partner and also directly ask questions to the cord blood banks or your health care advisor related to the collection, risk, and donation process.
As research conducted by our team and from the reviews collected from clients and patients, 8 of the most reputed newborn umbilical cord blood banks in the USA 2021 we found are – CryoCell, Americord, Alphacord, StemCyte, Cord Blood Registry, HealthBanks, Lifebank & ViaCord.